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Discord Webhooks via NixOS and Systemd Timers

Recently I needed to set up a Discord message on a cronjob as a part of moderating a guild I've been in for years. I've done this before using cronjobs, however this time we will be using NixOS and systemd timers. Here's what you will need to follow along:

Mara is hacker

Mara

If you don't have moderation permissions in any guilds, make your own for testing! You will need the "Manage Webhooks" permission to create a webhook.

Setting Up Timers

systemd timers are like cronjobs, except they trigger systemd services instead of shell commands. For this example, let's create a daily webhook reminder to check on your Animal Crossing island at 9 am.

Let's create the systemd service at the end of the machine's configuration.nix:

systemd.services.acnh-island-check-reminder = {
  serviceConfig.Type = "oneshot";
  script = ''
    MESSAGE="It's time to check on your island! Check those stonks!"
    WEBHOOK="${builtins.readFile /home/cadey/prefix/secrets/acnh-webhook-secret}"
    USERNAME="Domo"
    
    ${pkgs.curl}/bin/curl \
      -X POST \
      -F "content=$MESSAGE" \
      -F "username=$USERNAME" \
      "$WEBHOOK"
  '';
};

Mara is hacker

Mara

This service is a oneshot unit, meaning systemd will launch this once and not expect it to always stay running.

Now let's create a timer for this service. We need to do the following:

Add this to the end of your configuration.nix:

systemd.timers.acnh-island-check-reminder = {
  wantedBy = [ "timers.target" ];
  partOf = [ "acnh-island-check-reminder.service" ];
  timerConfig.OnCalendar = "TODO(Xe): this";
};

Before we mentioned that we want to trigger this reminder every morning at 9 am. systemd timers specify their calendar config in the following format:

DayOfWeek Year-Month-Day Hour:Minute:Second

So for something that triggers every day at 9 AM, it would look like this:

*-*-* 8:00:00

Mara is hacker

Mara

You can ignore the day of the week if it's not relevant!

So our final timer definition would look like this:

systemd.timers.acnh-island-check-reminder = {
  wantedBy = [ "timers.target" ];
  partOf = [ "acnh-island-check-reminder.service" ];
  timerConfig.OnCalendar = "*-*-* 8:00:00";
};

Deployment and Testing

Now we can deploy this with nixos-rebuild:

$ sudo nixos-rebuild switch

You should see a line that says something like this in the nixos-rebuild output:

starting the following units: acnh-island-check-reminder.timer

Let's test the service out using systemctl:

$ sudo systemctl start acnh-island-check-reminder.service

And you should then see a message on Discord. If you don't see a message, check the logs using journalctl:

$ journalctl -u acnh-island-check-reminder.service

If you see an error that looks like this:

curl: (26) Failed to open/read local data from file/application

This usually means that you tried to do a role or user mention at the beginning of the message and curl tried to interpret that as a file input. Add a word like "hey" at the beginning of the line to disable this behavior. See here for more information.


Also happy December! My site has the snow CSS loaded for the month. Enjoy!


This article was posted on M11 30 2020. Facts and circumstances may have changed since publication. Please contact me before jumping to conclusions if something seems wrong or unclear.

Series: howto

Tags: nixos discord systemd

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The art for Mara was drawn by Selicre.

The art for Cadey was drawn by ArtZora Studios.